The transition from the philosophical and literary to the psychological period is marked by a return to ways from earlier periods of negotiating with the unconscious. Most notably is the return of the focus on healing (Ellenberger 47-48), as is the case with shamanism. The religious, philosophical, and literary aspects of the unconscious are still present in the psychological period, but are seen through the lens of healing, or more accurately, of enabling the well-being of the individual. Other earlier ways of negotiating the unconscious also played roles in healing, as seen in religious exorcisms and confessions of the “pathogenic secret” (Ellenberger 47), and while the philosophical was more in the nature of “mental training,” it could inspire forms of therapy (Ellenberger 42). As Carus pointed out, one of the main characteristics of the unconscious is its essential soundness, or health, and this seems to be the main assumption of depth psychology, formulated by Jung’s reference to the “self-regulating’ aspect of the psyche (Storr 17-18). From its earliest expressions in animal magnetism and hypnotism, the attitude of the psychological period continues to assert the inherent health of the unconscious and maintains that it is the main source of healing for the individual.