Plant Life

All plants listed have been personally encountered.

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5 Useful Weeds

Lady’s Thumb Video

Plants for a Future : Edible Plant Database (huge)

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American Basswood
Type – Tree
Native to Eastern North America

American Beech –
Type – Tree
Native to Eastern US

Apple –
Type – Tree
Native to Eastern Europe

Autumn Olive –
Type – Shrub/Small Tree
Native to Western and Central Asia
Invasive in US
Edible – berries

Bigtooth Aspen
Type – Tree
Native to Northeastern North America

Black Maple
Type – Tree
Native to Central Northern US

Black-eyed Susans –
Type – Flower
Native to Central US

Bloodroot
Type – Flower
Native to North America

Bluestem –
Type – Grass
Native to US

Box Elder (Cut-leaf Maple) –
Type – Tree
Native to US
Edible – sap, inner bark, and seeds

Burdock
Type – Shrub / Burr
Native to “Old World” (Europe, Asia, and Africa)
Edible – roots pre-flower stalk, stems in second year, flower stalks pre-flower

Canadian Goldenrod –
Type – Flower
Native to US
Invasive in Europe and Asia

Chicory –
Type – Flower
Native to Europe
Edible – young leaves for salads, root dried

Cut-leaved Toothwort
Type – Flower
Native to eastern half of North America

Dandelion –
Type –  Flower
Native to Eurasia and the Americas
Edible – all parts, cooked or raw

Eastern Red Columbine
Type – Flower
Native to eastern United States

False Rue Anemone
Type – Flower
Native to North America

Milkweed –
Type – Flower
Toxic – all parts (only if ingested) even when dried

Mullein –
Type – Flower
Toxic – Seeds

Pink Knotweed (Lady’s Thumb) –
Type – Flower
Native to Europe and Asia
Invasive to US
Edible – All parts, cooked or raw

Pink Morning Glory –
Type – Flower

Poison Ivy –
Type – Vine (typically)
Toxic – oil causes reactions for some people, DO NOT BURN

Pokeweed –
Type – Shrub (typically)
Toxic – all parts, with roots the most toxic

Prairie Fleabane –
Type – Flower
Native to North America

Purple Deadnettle –
Type – Flower
Native to Eurasia

Red Bush Honeysuckle
Type – Shrub
Native to Eurasia
Edible – flower nectar
Toxic – berries inedible

Sassafras
Type – Tree
Native to Eastern US and Asia
Edible – root extract (with safrole oil removed)
Toxic – safrole oil can cause permanent liver damage over time
Garden – host plant for Spicebush Swallowtail butterfly

Shagbark Hickory
Type – Tree
Native to Eastern half of United States

Speedwell –
Type – Flower

Spotted Jewelweed –
Type – Flower
Native to US
Edible – leaves
Medicine – crushed leaves and stems with beeswax as poison ivy salve
Garden – nectar attracts hummingbirds

Spring Beauty
Type – Flower
Native to eastern half of North America

Staghorn Sumac –
Type – Shrub (typically)
Native to northeastern North America
Edible – fruit as flavoring to a beverage (similar to lemonade)
Medicine – root/twig fluid has astringent properties from tannins
Garden – beautiful flowers, showy fruit birds can eat even into Winter, bright orange-red leaves in autumn

Sugar Maple
Type – Tree
Native to Northeastern North America

Tulip Tree
Type – Tree
Native to Northeastern US

White Trillium
Type – Flower
Native to North America

Wild Carrot (Queen Anne’s Lace) –
Type – Flower
Native to Europe
Edible – root (cooked), flowers

Wild Geranium
Type – Flower
Native to Northeastern United States

Wild Lupine
Type – Flower
Native to western United States

Wild Strawberry –
Type – Flower/Fruit
Native to North America
Edible – fruit

Yellow Trout Lily / Yellow Adder’s Tongue
Type – Flower
Native to eastern half of North America
Edible – raw bulb

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